President Of North Korea Age

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For other people named Kim Jong-un, see Kim Jong-un (disambiguation). This is a Korean name; the family name is Kim. Kim Jong-un 김정은 Photorealistic sketch of Kim Jong-un Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea[a] Incumbent Assumed office 9 May 2016First Secretary: 11 April 2012 – 9 May 2016 Hierarchy Members of Presidium 1. Himself 2. Kim Yong-nam 3. Hwang Pyong-so 4. Pak Pong-ju 5.

Choe Ryong-hae Preceded by Kim Jong-il (as General Secretary) Chairman of the State Affairs Commission Incumbent Assumed office 30 June 2016First Chairman (13 April 2012 – 30 June 2016) Deputy Hwang Pyong-soChoe Ryong-haePak Pong-ju Preceded by Himself (as Chairman of the National Defence Commission) Supreme Commander of theKorean People's Army Incumbent Assumed office 30 December 2011Supreme leader since 28 December 2011[1] Preceded by Kim Jong-il Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea Incumbent Assumed office 11 April 2012Acting: 17 December 2011 – 11 April 2012 Preceded by Kim Jong-il Deputy to the 13th Supreme People's Assembly Incumbent Assumed office 9 April 2014 Constituency 111th Paektusan First Secretary of theWorkers' Party of Korea In office 11 April 2012 – 9 May 2016 Preceded by Kim Jong-il (as General Secretary) Succeeded by Himself (as Chairman) Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea In office 28 September 2010 – 11 April 2012 Serving with Ri Yong-ho Leader Kim Jong-il Preceded by Position established Succeeded by Choe Ryong-haeRi Yong-ho Personal details Born 8 January 1982 (North Korean records) 8 January 1983 (South Korean records)[2] 8 January 1984 (American records)[3][4]Pyongyang, North Korea Spouse(s) Ri Sol-ju Children Kim Ju-ae Parents Kim Jong-il Ko Yong-hui Alma mater Kim Il-sung UniversityKim Il-sung Military University Signature Military service Allegiance  North Korea Years of service 2010–present Rank Marshal of the Republic[b] Commands Supreme Commander Kim Jong-un "Kim Jong-un" in hancha (top) and Chosŏn'gŭl (bottom) scripts.

Chosŏn'gŭl 김정은 Hancha 金正恩[5] Revised Romanization Gim Jeong(-)eun McCune–Reischauer Kim Chŏngŭn Kim Jong-un (Chosŏn'gŭl: 김정은, Korean: [kim.dzɔŋ.ɯn];[c] born between 8 January 1982 and 8 January 1984[4]) is the supreme leader of North Korea since 2011. The Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), he is the second child of Kim Jong-il (1941–2011) and Ko Yong-hui.

[6] He is the first North Korean leader to have been born after the country's founding. Before taking power, Kim was rarely seen in public, and many of the activities of Kim and his government remain unknown.[7] Even details such as what year he was born, and whether he did indeed attend a Western school under a pseudonym, are difficult to confirm. Kim succeeded his father and supreme leader of the DPRK, Kim Jong-il, following the elder Kim's death in 2011.

Kim holds the titles of Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea (as First Secretary between 2012 and 2016), Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission, Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army,[1] and member of the Presidium of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea, the highest decision-making body in North Korea.[8] Kim was promoted to the rank of Marshal of North Korea in the Korean People's Army on 18 July 2012, consolidating his position as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces[9] and is often referred to as Marshal Kim Jong-un or "the Marshal" by state media.

[10] Kim obtained two degrees, one in physics at Kim Il-sung University, and another as an Army officer at the Kim Il-sung Military University.[11][12] On 12 December 2013, official North Korean news outlets released reports that due to alleged "treachery," he had ordered the execution of his uncle Jang Song-thaek.[13] On 9 March 2014, Kim Jong-un was elected unopposed to the Supreme People's Assembly.

Kim Jong-un is widely believed to have ordered the assassination of his half-brother, Kim Jong-nam in Malaysia in February 2017.[14][15] Early life The Liebefeld-Steinhölzli public school in Köniz, Switzerland, which Kim Jong-un is reported to have attended. Scarce information on Kim Jong-un's early life comes from North Korean defectors and people who have claimed to witness him abroad, such as during his school attendance in Switzerland.

Some of the information has been conflicting and contradictory, perhaps confusing him with his brother, Kim Jong-chul, who also attended school in Switzerland around the same time. North Korean authorities have stated that his birthdate is 8 January 1982, but South Korean intelligence officials believe the actual date is a year later. Former basketball star Dennis Rodman said that the birthdate is 8 January 1983 after meeting Kim in September 2013 in North Korea.

[2] Kim Jong-Un was the second of three children Ko Yong-hui bore to Kim Jong-il; his elder brother Kim Jong-chul was born in 1981, while his younger sister, Kim Yo-jong, is believed to have been born in 1987.[16][17] According to reports first published in Japanese newspapers, he went to school in Switzerland near Bern. First reports claimed he attended the private English-language International School in Gümligen under the name "Chol-pak" or "Pak-chol" from 1993 to 1998.

[18] He was described as shy, a good student who got along well with his classmates and was a basketball fan.[19] He was chaperoned by an older student, who was thought to be his bodyguard.[20] Later, it was reported that Kim Jong-un attended the Liebefeld Steinhölzli school in Köniz near Bern under the name "Pak-un" or "Un-pak" from 1998 until 2000 as the son of an employee of the North Korean embassy in Bern.

Authorities of Köniz confirmed that a student from North Korea, registered as the son of a member of the embassy, attended the school from August 1998 until the autumn of 2000, but were unable to give details about his identity. Pak-un first attended a special class for foreign-language children and later attended the regular classes of the 6th, 7th, 8th, and part of the final 9th year, leaving the school abruptly in the autumn of 2000.

He was described as a well-integrated and ambitious student who liked to play basketball.[21] However, his grades and attendance rating are reported to have been poor.[22] The ambassador of North Korea in Switzerland, Ri Chol, had a close relationship with him and acted as a mentor.[23] One of Pak-un's classmates told reporters that he had told him that he was the son of the leader of North Korea.

[24][25] According to some reports, Jong-un was described by classmates as a shy child who was awkward with girls and indifferent to political issues, but who distinguished himself in sports and had a fascination with the American National Basketball Association and Michael Jordan. One friend claimed that he had been shown pictures of Pak-un with Kobe Bryant and Toni Kukoč.[26] In April 2012, new documents came to light indicating that Kim Jong-un had lived in Switzerland since 1991 or 1992, earlier than previously thought.

[27] The Laboratory of Anatomic Anthropology at the University of Lyon, France, after comparing the picture of the boy Pak-un taken at the Liebefeld Steinhölzli school in 1999 with a picture of Kim Jong-un from 2012 came to the conclusion that the two faces show a conformity of 95%. The head of the institute, Raoul Perrot, a forensic anthropologist, considers it most likely that the two pictures show the same person.

[28] It is believed that the student at the Gümligen International School may not have been Kim Jong-un, but his elder brother Kim Jong-chul. It is not known whether the student known as Pak-un in Liebefeld Steinhölzli lived in Switzerland prior to 1998.[29] All the children of Kim Jong-il are said to have lived in Switzerland, as well as the mother of the two youngest sons, who lived in Geneva for some time.

[23] Most analysts agree that Kim Jong-un attended Kim Il-sung University, a leading officer-training school in Pyongyang, from 2002 to 2007.[30] For many years, only one confirmed photograph of him was known to exist outside North Korea, apparently taken in the mid-1990s, when he was eleven.[31] Occasionally other supposed images of him surfaced but were often disputed.[32] It was only in June 2010, shortly before he was given official posts and publicly introduced to the North Korean people, that more pictures were released of Kim, taken when he was attending school in Switzerland.

[33] The first official image of him as an adult was a group photograph released on 30 September 2010, at the end of the party conference that effectively anointed him, in which he is seated in the front row, two places from his father. This was followed by newsreel footage of him attending the conference.[34] In 2013, Kim Jong-un was awarded an honorary doctorate in Economics by HELP University, a private Malaysian university.

[35] Succession Pre-2010 Party Conference speculation Kim Jong-un's eldest half-brother, Kim Jong-nam, had been the favorite to succeed, but reportedly fell out of favor after 2001, when he was caught attempting to enter Japan on a fake passport to visit Tokyo Disneyland.[36]Kim Jong-nam was killed in Malaysia in 2017 by suspected North Korean agents.[37] Kim Jong-il's former personal chef, Kenji Fujimoto, revealed details regarding Kim Jong-un, with whom he had a good relationship,[38] stating that he was favored to be his father's successor.

Fujimoto also said that Jong-un was favored by his father over his elder brother, Kim Jong-chul, reasoning that Jong-chul is too feminine in character, while Jong-un is "exactly like his father".[39] Furthermore, Fujimoto stated that "If power is to be handed over then Jong-un is the best for it. He has superb physical gifts, is a big drinker and never admits defeat." Also, according to Fujimoto, Jong-un smokes Yves Saint Laurent cigarettes, loves Johnnie Walker whisky and has a Mercedes-Benz 600 luxury sedan.

[40] When Jong-un was 18, Fujimoto described an episode where Jong-un once questioned his lavish lifestyle and asked, "We are here, playing basketball, riding horses, riding jet skis, having fun together. But what of the lives of the average people?"[39] On 15 January 2009 the South Korean news agency Yonhap reported that Kim Jong-il had appointed Kim Jong-un to be his successor.[36][41] On 8 March 2009, BBC News reported that Kim Jong-un was on the ballot for elections to the Supreme People's Assembly, the rubber stamp parliament of North Korea.

[42] Subsequent reports indicated that his name did not appear on the list of lawmakers,[43] but he was later elevated to a mid-level position in the National Defense Commission, which is a branch of the North Korean military.[44] People paying homage[45] to the statues of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il, April 2012 From 2009, it was understood by foreign diplomatic services that Kim was to succeed his father Kim Jong-il as the head of the Korean Workers' Party and de facto leader of North Korea.

[46] He has been named "Yŏngmyŏng-han Tongji" (영명한 동지), which loosely translates to "Brilliant Comrade".[47] His father had also asked embassy staff abroad to pledge loyalty to his son.[48] There have also been reports that citizens in North Korea were encouraged to sing a newly composed "song of praise" to Kim Jong-un, in a similar fashion to that of praise songs relating to Kim Jong-il and Kim Il-sung.

[49] Later, in June, Kim was reported to have visited China secretly to "present himself" to the Chinese leadership, who later warned against North Korea conducting another nuclear test.[50] The Chinese foreign ministry has strongly denied that this visit occurred.[51] In September 2009, it was reported that Kim Jong-il had secured support for the succession plan, after a propaganda campaign.[52] It is believed by some that Kim Jong-un was involved in the Cheonan sinking[53] and the bombardment of Yeonpyeong[54] to strengthen his military credentials and facilitate a successful transition of power from his father.

[55] Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission Kim Jong-un was made a daejang, the equivalent of a four-star general in the United States,[56] on 27 September 2010, a day ahead of a rare Workers' Party of Korea conference in Pyongyang, the first time North Korean media had mentioned him by name and despite his having no previous military experience.[57] Despite the promotion, no further details, including verifiable portraits of Kim, were released.

[58] On 28 September 2010, he was named vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and appointed to the Central Committee of the Workers' Party, in an apparent nod to become the successor to Kim Jong-il.[59] On 10 October 2010, alongside his father, Kim Jong-un attended the ruling Workers' Party's 65th anniversary celebration. This was seen as confirming his position as the next leader of the Workers' Party.

Unprecedented international press access was granted to the event, further indicating the importance of Kim Jong-un's presence.[60] In January 2011, the regime reportedly began purging around 200 protégés of both Jong-un's uncle-in-law Jang Song-thaek and O Kuk-ryol, the vice chairman of the National Defence Commission, by either detention or execution to further prevent either man from rivaling Jong-un.

[61] Leader of North Korea On 17 December 2011, Kim Jong-il died. Despite the elder Kim's plans, it was not immediately clear after his death whether Jong-un would in fact take full power, and what his exact role in a new government would be.[62] Some analysts had predicted that when Kim Jong-il died, Jang Song-thaek would act as regent, as Jong-un was too inexperienced to immediately lead the country.

[63][64] Following his father's death, Kim Jong-un was hailed as the "great successor to the revolutionary cause of Juche", "outstanding leader of the party, army and people"[65] and "respected comrade who is identical to Supreme Commander Kim Jong-il",[66] and was made chairman of the Kim Jong-il funeral committee. The Korean Central News Agency described Kim Jong-un as "a great person born of heaven", a propaganda term only his father and grandfather had enjoyed.

[67] And the ruling Workers' Party said in an editorial, "We vow with bleeding tears to call Kim Jong-un our supreme commander, our leader."[68] He was publicly declared Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army on 24 December 2011[69] and formally appointed to the position on 30 December when the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party "courteously proclaimed that the dear respected Kim Jong Un, vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission of the WPK, assumed the supreme commandership of the Korean People's Army".

[1] North Korean soldiers saluting at the Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery in Pyongyang, 2012 On 26 December 2011, the leading North Korean newspaper Rodong Sinmun reported that Kim Jong-un had been acting as chairman of the Central Military Commission,[70] and supreme leader of the country, following his father's demise.[71] On 9 January 2012, a large rally was held by the Korean People's Army in front of the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun to honor Kim Jong-un and to demonstrate loyalty.

[72] In 2013, Forbes named Kim Jong-un the World's 46th Most Powerful Person.[73] Assuming official titles On 27 March 2012, Kim was elected to the Fourth Conference of the Workers' Party of Korea. On 11 April, that conference elected him as leader of the party under the newly created title of First Secretary. This position replaced the post of general secretary, which was awarded "eternally" to Kim Jong-il.

At the conference, Kim Jong-un also took his father's post as Chairman of the Central Military Commission, as well as his father's old seat on the Politburo Presidium of the Workers' Party of Korea.[74] In a speech made prior to the Conference, Kim Jong-un declared that "Imbuing the whole society with Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism is the highest programme of our Party". On 13 April 2012, the 5th Session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly appointed Kim Jong-un Chairman of the National Defence Commission.

On 15 April 2012, during a military parade to commemorate Kim Il-sung's centenary, Kim Jong-un made his first public speech.[75] That speech became the basis of "Onwards Toward the Final Victory".[76] In July 2012,[77] Kim Jong-un was promoted to wonsu (roughly translated to marshal), the highest active rank in the military. The decision was jointly issued on by the Central Committee and the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea, the National Defence Commission, and the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly, the Korean Central News Agency subsequently announced.

[9] The only higher rank is Dae Wonsu (roughly translated as Grand Marshal or Generalissimo) which was held by Kim's grandfather, Kim Il-sung, and which was awarded posthumously to his father, Kim Jong-il, in February 2012.[9][77] The promotion confirmed Kim's role as top leader of the North Korean military and came days after the replacement of Chief of General Staff Ri Yong-ho by Hyon Yong-chol.[9] External image Satellite imagery show the message "Long Live General Kim Jong-un, the Shining Sun!" in Korean on a hillside.

In November 2012, satellite photos revealed a half-kilometer-long (1,600 ft) propaganda message carved into a hillside in Ryanggang Province, reading, "Long Live General Kim Jong-un, the Shining Sun!".[78] Kim Jong-il's personal chef Kenji Fujimoto stated, "Stores in Pyongyang were brimming with products and people in the streets looked cheerful. North Korea has changed a lot since Kim Jong-un assumed power.

All of this is because of leader Kim Jong-un."[79] Officially, Kim Jong-un is part of a triumvirate heading the executive branch of the North Korean government along with Premier Pak Pong-ju and parliament chairman Kim Yong-nam (no relation). Each nominally holds powers equivalent to a third of a General Secretary's powers in most other one-party communist states. Kim Jong-un commands the armed forces, Pak Pong-ju heads the government, and Kim Yong-nam handles foreign relations.

Nevertheless, it is generally understood that Kim Jong-un, like his father and grandfather before him, exercises absolute control over the government and the country. Indeed, a constitutional amendment enacted by his father explicitly named the NDC (first) chairman as "the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea".[80] On 30 November 2012, Kim met with Li Jianguo, who "briefed Kim on the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China", according to the state's official news agency, the Korean Central News Agency.

[81] A letter from Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, was hand-delivered during the discussion.[81] In 2013, Kim re-established his grandfather's style when he made his first New Year's address, a break from the approach of his father. Kim Jong-il never made televised addresses during his 17 years in power.[82] In lieu of delivering a speech, Kim Jong-il contributed to and approved a New Year's Day editorial, jointly published by Rodong Sinmun (the daily newspaper of the Korean Workers' Party), Joson Inmingun (the newspaper of the Korean People's Army), and Chongnyon Jonwi (the newspaper of the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League).

[83] At the extraordinary meeting with his top defense and security officials on 26 January 2013, Kim issued orders on preparations for a new nuclear test and introduced martial law in North Korea effective from 29 January.[84] On 9 March 2014, Kim Jong-un was elected to a seat in the Supreme People's Assembly, the country's unicameral legislature. He ran unopposed, but voters had the choice of voting yes or no.

There was a record turnout of voters and, according to government officials, all voted "yes" in his home district of Mount Paekdu.[85] The Supreme People's Assembly subsequently elected him first chairman of the National Defense Commission.[86] People in Pyongyang watch Kim Jong-un on North Korean TV, 2015 In May 2014, following the collapse of an apartment building in Pyongyang, Kim Jong-un was said to be very upset at the loss of life that resulted.

A statement issued by the country's official news agency the Korean Central News Agency used the rare expression "profound consolation and apology". An unnamed government official was quoted by the BBC as saying Kim Jong-un had "sat up all night, feeling painful".[87] While the height of the building and the number of casualties was not released, media reports described it is a 23-story building and indicated that more than a hundred people may have died in the collapse.

[88] Economic policies A set of comprehensive economic measures, the "Socialist Corporate Responsible Management System", were introduced in 2013.[89] The measures increase the autonomy of enterprises by granting them "certain rights to engage in business activities autonomously and elevate the will to labor through appropriately implementing the socialist distribution system". Another priority of economic policies that year was agriculture, where the pojon (vegetable garden) responsibility system was implemented.

The system reportedly achieved a major increase in output in some collective farms.[89] North Korean media were describing the economy as a "flexible collectivist system" where enterprises were applying "active and evolutionary actions" to achieve economic development.[90] These reports reflect Kim's general economic policy of reforming management, increasing the autonomy and incentives for economic actors.

This set of reforms known as the "May 30th measures" reaffirms both socialist ownership and "objective economic laws in guidance and management" to improve living standards. Other objectives of the measures are to increase the availability of domestically manufactured goods on markets, introduction of defence innovations into the civilian sector and boost international trade.[90] Nuclear weapons See also: North Korea and weapons of mass destruction Model of a Unha-9 rocket on display at a floral exhibition in Pyongyang, 30 August 2013 Under Kim Jong-un, North Korea has continued to develop nuclear weapons.

At a plenary meeting of the WPK Central Committee held on 31 March 2013, Kim Jong-un announced that North Korea will adopt "a new strategic line on carrying out economic construction and building nuclear armed forces simultaneously".[91] According to several analysts, North Korea sees the nuclear arsenal as vital to deter an attack, and it is unlikely that North Korea would launch a nuclear war.[92] According to a RAND Corporation senior researcher, Kim Jong-un believes that nuclear weapons are his guarantee of regime survival.

[93] During the 7th Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea in 2016, Kim Jong-un stated that North Korea would "not use nuclear weapons first unless aggressive hostile forces use nuclear weapons to invade on our sovereignty".[94] However, on other occasions, North Korea has threatened "pre-emptive" nuclear attacks against a US-led attack.[95] North Korea probably does possess a dozen or so nuclear bombs.

[96] However, there is no consensus on whether it has acquired intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) with nuclear warheads, capable of reaching the United States.[97] It is estimated that North Korea will have sixty nuclear warheads by 2020.[98] North Korea has rockets strong enough to power ICBMs, and, according to the US Defense Intelligence Agency, has nuclear warheads miniaturized enough to be delivered by ICBM,[99] but, according to the South Korean defense department, the ICBMs would not be able to re-enter the atmosphere intact.

[100] If North Korea has sufficient nuclear warhead miniaturization technology, its Rodong-1 medium-range missiles could probably launch nuclear strikes as far as Japan.[101] In December 2015, in a release from the official Korean Central News Agency, Kim announced that his country had developed a hydrogen bomb. Kim's claim is considered unlikely.[102] Kim stated that his family "turned the DPRK into a powerful nuclear weapons state ready to detonate a self-reliant A-bomb and H-bomb to reliably defend its sovereignty and the dignity of the nation".

[103] As of 2016, the United Nations has enacted five cumulative rounds of sanctions against North Korea for its nuclear program and missile tests.[104] Purges and executions Further information: List of officials purged and executed by Kim Jong-un As with all reporting on North Korea, reports of purges and executions are difficult to verify.[105] In May 2016, analysts were surprised to find that General Ri Yong-gil, reported by South Korea to have been executed earlier in the year, was, in fact, alive and well.

[106] In December 2013, Kim Jong-un's uncle Jang Song-thaek was arrested and executed for treachery.[107] Jang is believed to have been executed by firing squad. Yonhap has stated that, according to multiple unnamed sources, Kim Jong-un has also put to death members of Jang's family, to completely destroy all traces of Jang's existence through "extensive executions" of his family, including the children and grandchildren of all close relatives.

Those reportedly killed in Kim's purge include Jang's sister Jang Kye-sun, her husband and ambassador to Cuba, Jon Yong-jin, and Jang's nephew and ambassador to Malaysia, Jang Yong-chol. The nephew's two sons were also said to have been killed.[108] At the time of Jang's removal, it was announced that "the discovery and purge of the Jang group ... made our party and revolutionary ranks purer ..."[109] and after his execution on 12 December 2013 state media warned that the army "will never pardon all those who disobey the order of the Supreme Commander".

[110] O Sang-hon (Chosŏn'gŭl: 오상헌; RR: O Sangheon; MR: O Sanghŏn) was a deputy security minister in the Ministry of People's Security in the government of North Korea who was reportedly killed in a political purge in 2014. According to the Korean newspaper The Chosun Ilbo, O was executed by flamethrower for his role in supporting Kim Jong-un's uncle Jang Song-taek.[111] Human rights violations See also: Human rights in North Korea Human rights violations under the leadership of Kim Jong-il were condemned by the UN General Assembly.

[112] Press reports indicate that they are continuing under Kim Jong-un.[113] The 2013 report on the situation of human rights in North Korea[114] by United Nations Special Rapporteur Marzuki Darusman proposed a United Nations commission of inquiry[115] to document the accountability of Kim Jong-un and other individuals in the North Korean government for alleged crimes against humanity.[116] The report of the commission of inquiry[117] was published in February 2014 and recommends making him accountable for crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court.

[118] In July 2016, the United States Department of the Treasury imposed personal sanctions on Kim. Although his involvement in human rights abuses was cited as the reason,[119] officials said the sanctions target the country's nuclear and missile programs.[120] Alleged 2017 CIA assassination attempt In May 2017, the North Korean government stated that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States and the South Korean National Intelligence Service (NIS) hired a North Korean lumberjack who worked in Russia to assassinate Kim Jong-un with a "biochemical weapon" that was both radioactive and nano-poisonous, and whose effect would have been delayed by a few months.

[121] North Korea said that it would seek extradition of anyone involved in the assassination attempt.[122] 2018 New Years speech In his 2018 New Year Speech, he claimed that "the nuclear button is always on his desk",[123] a warning to the United States, but that he was "open for dialogue with South Korea" for peace talks and North Korea's participation in the 2018 Winter Olympics.[124] Personality Kenji Fujimoto, a Japanese chef who used to work as Kim Jong-il's personal cook, described Kim Jong-un as "a chip off the old block, a spitting image of his father in terms of face, body shape, and personality".

[125] The Washington Post reported in 2009 that Kim Jong-un's school friends recalled he "spent hours doing meticulous pencil drawings of Chicago Bulls superstar Michael Jordan".[126] He was obsessed with basketball and computer games.[26][127] On 26 February 2013, Kim Jong‑un met Dennis Rodman,[128] leading many reporters to speculate that Rodman was the first American that Kim had met.[129] Rodman described his trip to Kim Jong-un's private island, "It's like Hawaii or Ibiza, but he's the only one that lives there.

"[130] Kim Jong-un’s net worth is estimated at US$5 billion.[131] In July 2012, Kim Jong-un showed a change in cultural policy from his father by attending a Moranbong Band concert. The concert contained several elements of pop culture from the West, particularly the United States. Kim used this event to debut his wife to the public, an unprecedented move in North Korea.[132] According to diplomatic sources, "Kim Jong-un likes to drink and party all night like his father and ordered the [imported sauna] equipment to help him beat hangovers and fatigue.

"[133] Kim Jong-un is reportedly recruiting young, female companions to form a “pleasure troupe” to entertain him.[134] During Dennis Rodman's trip, Vice magazine correspondent Ryan Duffy observed that "the leader was 'socially awkward' and didn't make eye contact when shaking hands".[135] According to Cheong Seong-chang of the Sejong Institute, Kim Jong-un has greater visible interest in the welfare of his people and engages in greater interaction with them than his father did.

[136] Health In 2009, reports suggested that Kim Jong-un was a diabetic and suffered from hypertension.[48][137] He is also known to smoke cigarettes.[138] Kim Jong-un did not appear in public for six weeks in September and October 2014. State media reported that he was suffering from an "uncomfortable physical condition". Previously he had been seen limping.[139] When he reappeared, he was using a walking stick.

[140] In September 2015, the South Korean government commented that Kim appeared to have gained 30 kg in body fat over the previous five years, reaching a total estimated body weight of 130 kg (290 lb).[141] Family Portraits of Kim Jong-un's father and grandfather (Arirang Festival mass games in Pyongyang) On 25 July 2012, North Korean state media reported for the first time that Kim Jong-un is married to Ri Sol-ju (리설주).

[142][143] Ri, who appears to be in her early 20s, had been accompanying Kim Jong-un to public appearances for several weeks prior to the announcement.[143] According to a South Korean analyst, Kim Jong-il had hastily arranged the marriage after suffering a stroke in 2008, the two married in 2009, and they had a child in 2010.[144]Dennis Rodman, after visiting in 2013, reported that they had a daughter named Ju-ae.

[145][146] However, South Korean sources speculated that they could have many children.[147] Kim is sometimes accompanied by his younger sister Kim Yo-jong,[16][17] who is said to be instrumental in creating his public image and organising public events for him.[148] According to Kim Yong-hyun, a professor of North Korean studies at Dongguk University in Seoul, and others, the promotion of Kim Yo-jong and others is a sign that "the Kim Jong-un regime has ended its co-existence with the remnants of the previous Kim Jong-il regime by carrying out a generational replacement in the party’s key elite posts".

[149][150] On 13 February 2017, Kim Jong-nam, the exiled half-brother of Kim Jong-un, was assassinated with the nerve agent VX while walking through Terminal 2 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.[151] v t e Select[α] family tree of North Korea's ruling[β] Kim family[γ][δ][ε] Kim Bo-hyon1871–1955 Kim Hyong-jik1894–1926 Kang Pan-sok1892–1932 Kim Jong-suk1919[ζ]–1949 Kim Il-sung1912–1994 Kim Song-ae1928–? Kim Yong-ju1920– Kim Young-sook1947– Song Hye-rim1937–2002 Kim Jong-il1941[ζ]–2011 Ko Yong-hui1952–2004 Kim Ok1964– Kim Kyong-hui1946– Jang Song-thaek1946–2013 Kim Pyong-il1954– Kim Sul-song1974– Kim Jong-nam1971–2017 Kim Jong-chul1981– Kim Jong-un1984– Ri Sol-juc.

 1986– Kim Yo-jong1987– Kim Han-sol1995– Kim Ju-aec. 2012[ζ]– Notes: ^ To keep the tree of manageable size, it omits some members, e. g., brothers and sisters of Kim Jong-il. ^ Names of Supreme Leaders of the DPRK (and the name of the article being viewed, if any) are in bold font. ^ Korean names often have a variety of transliterations into English, which can be confusing.

For example, "Kim Jong-chul" may also be written "Gim Jeong-cheol" or "Kim Jŏng-ch'ŏl" among many other variations. See Korean romanization for more information. ^ Huss, Kan; Frost, Clay. "North Korea's First Family: Mapping the personal and political drama of the Kim clan". msnbc.com. Retrieved 20 January 2013. (Confirms many, but not all, of the birth and death years. See individual articles for more references.

) ^ Yan, Holly (16 February 2017). "The world's most mysterious family tree: Kim Jong Un's secretive dynasty is full of drama, death". Design by Alberto Mier. CNN. Retrieved 16 February 2017. ^ a b c Official biographies of Kim Jong-suk and Kim Jong-il give birth years of 1917 and 1942, respectively. Kim Ju-ae may have been born in late 2012 or early 2013. See also Kim dynasty (North Korea) Residences of North Korean leaders Notes ^ According to the North Korea's state official Korean Central News Agency, the titles of Kim Jong-un in order are "chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army" "Kim Jong Un Guides Second Test-fire of ICBM Hwasong-14".

Korean Central News Agency. Explore DPRK. 29 July 2017. ^ Chosŏn'gŭl: 공화국원수; MR: Konghwaguk wonsu ^ The given name Jong-un / Jong Un is pronounced [tsɔŋ.ɯn] in isolation. References ^ a b c "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2011. ^ a b "Rodman Gives Details on Trip to North Korea".

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The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-01-08. ^ "Kim Jong-un's sister sits just yards from the tyrant after promotion". Mail Online. Retrieved 2018-01-08. ^ "Kim Jong-nam killing: VX nerve agent 'found on his face'". BBC News. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Further reading Bechtol, Bruce E., Jr. (2014). North Korea and Regional Security in the Kim Jong-un Era: A New International Security Dilemma.

Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-40007-9. Kim Jong Un Aphorisms (PDF). 1. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2016. ISBN 978-9946-0-1430-2. Lee, Kyo-Duk; Lim, Soon-Hee; Cho, Jeong-Ah; Song, Joung-Ho (2013). Study on the Power Elite of the Kim Jong Un Regime (PDF). Study Series 13-01. Seoul: Korea Institute for National Unification. ISBN 978-89-8479-708-6. Thak Song-il; An Su-yong, eds.

(January 2014). Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un in the Year 2012 (PDF). Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. ISBN 978-9946-0-1192-9. An Chol-gang, ed. (November 2014). Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un in the Year 2013 (PDF). Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. ISBN 978-9946-0-1192-9. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kim Jong-un. North Korea's Young Leader on Show – video report by The New York Times NSA Archive Kim Jong-Il: The "Great Successor" NK Leadership Tracker Official short biography at Naenara Kim Jong-un's works at Publications of the DPRK Party political offices Preceded byKim Il-sung (until 1966) Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea 2016–present Incumbent Preceded byKim Jong-il Chairman of the Central Military CommissionActing: 2011–2012 2011–present Preceded byKim Jong-ilas general secretary First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea 2012–2016 Succeeded byHimselfas Chairman New office Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission 2010–2012Served alongside: Ri Yong-ho Succeeded byChoe Ryong-haeRi Yong-ho Political offices New title Chairman of the State Affairs Commission 2016–present Incumbent Preceded byKim Jong-ilas Chairman First Chairman of the National Defence Commission 2012–2016 Succeeded byHimselfas Chairman of the State Affairs Commission Military offices Preceded byKim Jong-il Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army 2011–present Incumbent v t e Supreme Leaders of North Korea Kim Il-sung (1948–1994) Kim Jong-il (1994–2011) Kim Jong-un (2011–) v t e Leaders of the Workers' Party of Korea Kim Tu-bong (1946–1949) Kim Il-sung (1949–1994) vacant (1994–1997) Kim Jong-il (1997–2011) vacant (2011–2012) Kim Jong-un (since 2012) v t e Members of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea Chairman 1.

Kim Jong-un (supreme leader) Other members 2. Kim Yong-nam (Presidium president) 3. Hwang Pyong-so (Director of the General Political Bureau) 4. Pak Pong-ju (Premier) 5. Choe Ryong-hae (party vice-chairman) v t e Kim dynasty Kim Il-sung (1912–1994) Kim Jong-il (1941–2011) Kim Jong-un (1984–) 1st generation Kim Hyong-jik (Kim Il-sung's father) Kang Pan-sok (Kim Il-sung's mother) 2nd generation Kim Jong-suk (Kim Il-sung's first wife, Jong-il's mother) Kim Yong-ju (Kim Il-sung's brother) Kim Song-ae (Kim Il-sung's second wife) 3rd generation Hong Il-chon (Kim Jong-il's first wife, divorced) Song Hye-rim (Kim Jong-il's first mistress) Kim Man-il (Kim Jong-il's brother) Jang Song-thaek (Kim Jong-il's brother-in-law) Kim Kyong-hui (Kim Jong-il's sister) Kim Young-sook (Kim Jong-il's wife) Ko Yong-hui (Kim Jong-il's second mistress, Jong-un's mother) Kim Pyong-il (Kim Jong-il's half-brother) Kim Ok (Kim Jong-il's third mistress) 4th generation Kim Yo-jong (Kim Jong-un's sister) Kim Jong-chul (Kim Jong-un's brother) Kim Sul-song (Kim Jong-un's half-sister) Kim Jong-nam (Kim Jong-un's half-brother) Ri Sol-ju (Kim Jong-un's wife) 5th generation Kim Ju-ae (Kim Jong-un's daughter) Kim Han-sol (Kim Jong-nam's son) v t e Leaders of Korea Italics indicates acting Korean government-in-exile(1919–1948) Syngman Rhee Yi Dongnyeong Park Eun-sik Park Eun-sik Yi Yu-pil Yi Sang-ryong Yang Gi-tak Yi Dongnyeong Ahn Chang-ho Yi Dong-nyeong Hong Jin Kim Koo Yi Dongnyeong Song Byeong-jo Yi Dongnyeong Kim Koo Syngman Rhee Divided Korea(since 1945) Democratic People's Republic of Korea Supreme Leaders Kim Il-sung Kim Jong-il Kim Jong-un Heads of state Kim Tu-bong Choe Yong-gon Kim Il-sung Yang Hyong-sop Kim Yong-nam Heads of government Kim Il-sung Kim Il Pak Song-chol Ri Jong-ok Kang Song-san Ri Kun-mo Yon Hyong-muk Kang Song-san Hong Song-nam Hong Song-nam Pak Pong-ju Kim Yong-il Choe Yong-rim Pak Pong-ju Republic of Korea Heads of state and government Syngman Rhee Heo Jeong Kwak Sang-hoon Baek Nak-jun Yun Bo-seon Park Chung-hee Park Chung-hee Choi Kyu-hah Choi Kyu-hah Pak Choong-hoon Chun Doo-hwan Roh Tae-woo Kim Young-sam Kim Dae-jung Roh Moo-hyun Goh Kun Roh Moo-hyun Lee Myung-bak Park Geun-hye Hwang Kyo-ahn Moon Jae-in Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 171940304 LCCN: n2011038915 ISNI: 0000 0001 2085 1310 GND: 1057989533 NDL: 01214960 Retrieved from "https://en.

wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kim_Jong-un&oldid=820744027"

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Early Life The birthdate and early childhood of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is shrouded in mystery. It is known that he is the third and youngest son of Korean military leader Kim Jong-il (also written Jong Il), who, under the Communist Worker's Party, had ruled North Korea since 1994; and the grandson of Kim Il-sung, his father's predecessor. Kim Jong-un's mother was opera singer Ko Young-hee, who had two other children and is thought to have campaigned for Kim Jong-un to be his father's successor before her death in 2004.

Kim Jong-il reportedly took a liking to Kim Jong-un, noting that he saw in the youth a temperament similar to himself. It is also thought that Kim Jong-un may have been educated abroad in Switzerland before attending the Kim Il-sung Military University (named after his grandfather) in the capital of Pyongyang in the mid-2000s.Kim Jong-il began to prepare Kim Jong-un for succession to leadership in 2010.

Upon his father's death in December 2011, Kim Jong-un assumed power. He was believed to be in his late 20s at the time. Suppression of OppositionAfter Kim assumed supreme leadership of North Korea, he reportedly executed or removed many senior officials that he had inherited from his father’s regime. Among those purged was his own uncle, Jang Song-thaek (also known as Chang Sŏng-t'aek), who is believed to have played an important role during Kim Kim Jong-il’s rule and had been considered one of Kim Jong-un’s top advisers.

 In December 2013, Jang was reportedly arrested and executed for being a traitor and plotting to overthrow the government. It is also believed that members of Jang's family were executed as part of the purge.In February 2017, Kim's older half-brother Kim Jong-nam died in Malaysia. Although many details remained unclear, it was believed he was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport, and multiple suspects were arrested.

 Kim Jong-nam had been living in exile for many years, during which time he served as a vocal critic of his half-brother's regime.Weapons TestingUnder Kim Jong-un's authority, North Korea continued its weapons-testing programs. Though agreeing in February 2012 to halt nuclear testing and to a cessation on long-range missile launching, in April 2012 the country launched a satellite that failed shortly after takeoff.

Then, in December of the same year, the government launched a long-range rocket that put a satellite in orbit. The U.S. government believed that these launches were meant to cover up work and testing on ballistic missile technology.In February 2013, North Korea held its third underground nuclear test. The act was roundly condemned by the international community, including the United States, Russia, Japan and China.

In the face of further sanctions, analysts stated that Kim's continued focus on armament while calling for U.S. peace talks was a strategy of positioning North Korea as a formidable entity and cementing his standing as a regional leader.By September 2016, the country reportedly conducted its fifth underground nuclear test, despite a history of sanctions imposed by the U.S. Other countries staunchly denounced the move and called for North Korea's denuclearization, with South Korean president Park Geun-hye particularly concerned about the security implications of the continued weapons testing and Kim's mental state.

In February 2017, North Korea launched what its state media described as a medium long-range ballistic missile, with Kim said to be present at the site to supervise. The test sparked more outrage from the international community and calls for an urgent U.N. Security Council meeting.Kim notably butted heads with Donald Trump after the latter's election to the U.S. presidency in November 2016. The two exchanged numerous threats of warfare, and even took to personally insulting the other.

In November 2017, during a stop on a tour of Asia, President Trump took a softer stance, urging North Korea to "come to the table" to discuss disarmament.After the conclusion of Trump's tour, North Korean officials said the regime would continue to expand its nuclear capabilities as long as South Korea and the U.S engaged in joint military exercises. Kim punctuated that statement by calling Trump a "depraved and stupid guy," and the U.

S. president responded on November 20 by officially designating North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.In late November, North Korea crossed another threshold with the launch of its Hwasong-15 missile, which reached a height of approximately 2,800 miles above ground, before splashing down off the coast of Japan. Afterward, Kim declared that North Korea had "finally realized the great historic cause of completing the state nuclear force.

" U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis admitted that the test missile soared "higher, frankly, frankly, than any previous shot they have taken" and confirmed that North Korea was now capable of reaching any location on the planet with a strike. The launch drew swift condemnation from Japan and South Korea, while President Trump tersely noted, "We will take care of it."Relations With South KoreaKim subsequently struck a more measured tone during his New Year's Day speech to open 2018, in which he stressed the need to "lower the military tensions on the Korean Peninsula" and suggested he would send a delegation to compete in the upcoming Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea.

Nevertheless, he made sure to issue one of his usual threats to his overseas antagonists, warning the U.S. that "the button for nuclear weapons is on my table."His overtures, viewed by some analysts as an attempt to drive a wedge between U.S.-South Korea relations, were welcomed by his neighbors: "We have always stated our willingness to talk with North Korea any time and anywhere if that would help restore inter-Korean relations and lead to peace on the Korean peninsula,” said a spokesman for South Korea President Moon Jae-in.

On January 9, 2018, representatives from North and South Korea met at the Panmunjom truce village, on the border between the two countries, for their first discussions in more than two years. The talks reportedly produced an arrangement in which North Korea would participate in the following month's Winter Olympics.“The North said that they will send a high-level delegation, including Olympic committee representatives, athletes, a cheering squad, an art performance group, spectators, Taekwondo demonstrators and press,” reported South Korean vice minister of unification Chun Hae-sung.

 Public PersonaIn the summer of 2012, it was revealed that Kim had taken a wife, Ri Sol-ju. While the couple's exact wedding date is unknown, one source reported it as 2009. In the months after the marriage was uncovered, the country's first lady frequently appeared in the media—a striking departure from previous protocols. It has also been speculated that the couple has a child.Kim Jong-un, part of the cyber-generation, is seen as having a more mediagenic style then his father, with the younger Kim having given a New Year's broadcast, taking in musical performances with his wife and being seen as more engaging with soldiers and workers.

He has also embraced more Western cultural tastes, notably highlighted when former American professional basketball player Dennis Rodman paid North Korea a two-day visit in February 2013. During Rodman's stay, Kim accompanied him to watch a basketball game. Rodman claimed that he wanted to help improve relations between the United States and North Korea. Cyber WarfareNorth Korea demonstrated its capacity for cyber attacks in 2014 with the release of Sony's The Interview, a Seth Rogen/James Franco comedy in which a tabloid reporter is recruited to assassinate a fictional Kim.

After North Korean authorities railed against the film, the FBI asserted that the country was responsible for a subsequent breach of Sony Pictures files, leading to the release of emails and other private information. In December 2017, the Trump administration fingered North Korea as the source of the powerful WannaCry computer virus, which had affected approximately 230,000 computers worldwide that year.

"This was a reckless attack and it was meant to cause havoc and destruction," said Thomas P. Bossert, Trump's homeland security adviser. He admitted that the U.S. had few means of retaliation left against the already heavily sanctioned country, but said it was nonetheless important to call out North Korea for its cyber crimes.Economic Plight of North KoreaNorth Korea has been mired in poverty and economic ruin, with a devastating famine and food shortages in the 1990s.

The country also reportedly has a concentration camp system with torturous, horrifying conditions for thousands of prisoners. Kim has vowed to focus on educational, agricultural and economic reforms for the betterment of North Koreans. Nonetheless, South Korea has asserted that human rights violations have continued within the borders of their northern neighbor, with dozens of officials executed by the state under Kim.

In July 2016, the administration of President Barack Obama placed sanctions on Kim for human rights abuses, marking the first time the North Korean leader received a personal sanction from the U.S.Prison CampsIn December 2017, the International Bar Association published a report describing North Korea's political prison system. According to Thomas Buergenthal, one of the association's three jurists and a survivor of the infamous Auschwitz camp in Nazi Germany, Kim's prisoners endured conditions that were unmatched in their brutality.

"I believe that the conditions in the [North] Korean prison camps are as terrible, or even worse, than those I saw and experienced in my youth in these Nazi camps and in my long professional career in the human rights field," he said.The panel heard from former prisoners, prison guards and others as part of their investigation into North Korea's prison system from 1970 to 2006. They concluded that Kim's political prison camps were guilty of 10 of the 11 internationally recognized war crimes, including murder, enslavement and sexual violence.

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